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Linux如何查看JDK的安装路径
来源: 博客园   作者:潇湘隐者  日期:2017-5-16  类别:JAVA  主题:Java  编辑:Deborah
如何在一台Linux服务器上查找JDK的安装路径呢?有那些方法可以查找定位JDK的安装路径?是否有一些局限性呢?下面总结了一下如何查找JDK安装路径的方法.

1:echo $JAVA_HOME

使用$JAVA_HOME的话能定位JDK的安装路径的前提是配置了环境变量$JAVA_HOME,否则如下所示,根本定位不到JDK的安装路径

[root@localhost ~]# java -version

java version "1.7.0_65"

OpenJDK Runtime Environment (rhel-2.5.1.2.el6_5-x86_64 u65-b17)

OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 24.65-b04, mixed mode)

[root@localhost ~]# echo $JAVA_HOME

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2:which java

首先要申明一下which java是定位不到安装路径的。which java定位到的是java程序的执行路径。网上的资料都是人云亦云,完全不去思考。那么怎么定位到java的安装路径呢?下面我们来看看例子吧,如下所示:

[root@localhost ~]# java -version
 
java version "1.7.0_65"
 
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (rhel-2.5.1.2.el6_5-x86_64 u65-b17)
 
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 24.65-b04, mixed mode)
 
[root@localhost ~]# which java
 
/usr/bin/java
 
[root@localhost ~]# ls -lrt /usr/bin/java
 
lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 22 Aug 17 15:12 /usr/bin/java -> /etc/alternatives/java
 
[root@localhost ~]# ls -lrt /etc/alternatives/java
 
lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 46 Aug 17 15:12 /etc/alternatives/java -> /usr/lib/jvm/jre-1.7.0-openjdk.x86_64/bin/java
 
[root@localhost ~]#
 
[root@localhost ~]# cd /usr/lib/jvm
 
[root@localhost jvm]# ls
 
java-1.6.0-openjdk-1.6.0.0.x86_64 java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64 jre jre-1.6.0 jre-1.6.0-openjdk.x86_64 jre-1.7.0 jre-1.7.0-openjdk.x86_64 jre-openjdk
 
[root@localhost jvm]#

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whereis java 也是如此,它本身不能定位到安装路径。可以通过上面例子去定位安装路径

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3: rpm -ql packagename

如果JDK是源码安装的话,那么这个方法也是行不通的。也就是说rpm –ql packagename也是有一定局限性的。

[root@localhost ~]# java -version
java version "1.7.0_65"
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (rhel-2.5.1.2.el6_5-x86_64 u65-b17)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 24.65-b04, mixed mode)
[root@localhost ~]# rpm -qa | grep java
tzdata-java-2014g-1.el6.noarch
java-1.6.0-openjdk-1.6.0.0-11.1.13.4.el6.x86_64
java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65-2.5.1.2.el6_5.x86_64
[root@localhost ~]# rpm -ql java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65-2.5.1.2.el6_5.x86_64 | more
/etc/.java
/etc/.java/.systemPrefs
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jaas-1.7.0.65.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jaas-1.7.0.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jaas.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jce-1.7.0.65.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jce-1.7.0.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jce.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jdbc-stdext-1.7.0.65.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jdbc-stdext-1.7.0.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jdbc-stdext-3.0.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jdbc-stdext.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jndi-1.7.0.65.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jndi-1.7.0.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jndi-cos-1.7.0.65.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jndi-cos-1.7.0.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jndi-cos.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jndi-ldap-1.7.0.65.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jndi-ldap-1.7.0.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jndi-ldap.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jndi-rmi-1.7.0.65.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jndi-rmi-1.7.0.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jndi-rmi.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jndi.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jsse-1.7.0.65.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jsse-1.7.0.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jsse.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/sasl-1.7.0.65.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/sasl-1.7.0.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/sasl.jar
/usr/lib/jvm-exports/jre-1.7.0-openjdk.x86_64
/usr/lib/jvm-private/java-1.7.0-openjdk.x86_64
/usr/lib/jvm-private/java-1.7.0-openjdk.x86_64/jce
/usr/lib/jvm-private/java-1.7.0-openjdk.x86_64/jce/vanilla
/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64
/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/ASSEMBLY_EXCEPTION
/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/LICENSE
/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/THIRD_PARTY_README
/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jre
/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jre/bin
/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jre/bin/java
/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jre/bin/keytool
/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jre/bin/orbd
/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jre/bin/pack200
/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jre/bin/policytool
/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jre/bin/rmid
/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65.x86_64/jre/bin/rmiregistry
--More--

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